‘Sao Salvador da Bahia’ is after Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro the third largest city of Brazil. It’s the capital of the state of Bahia and is located on the Northeast of the Brazilian coast. Salvador was the first colonial capital of Brazil and considered as one of the birthplaces of Brazilian culture.
In 1549, a fleet of Portuguese settlers established Salvador and the city became the first colonial capital of Brazil. It quickly became its main sea port and an important center of the sugar industry and the slave trade from Africa. The historical centre, called Pelourinho, still shows the beautiful architecture of its former Portugese colony, with historical monuments dating from the 17th to the 19th centuries. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
The neighborhood ‘Barra’ is one of the main alternative points to the historical center Pelourinho. The ‘Porto de Barra’ is one of the main beaches of Salvador and one highlight for many tourists. It was originally the site of the first settlement of European newcomers. The ‘Fort Santo Antônio da Barra’ is the first fort built in the city and had the function of hindering the enemies to enter the bay. Today a Nautical Museum, with exhibitions of old maps, navigation equipment and models of vessels, is showed inside the fort. The ‘Farol da Barra’ is a lighthouse that has been built in 1836 on the fort of Santo Antônio.
Salvador is known for many things such as the carnival, the music, the cuisine, the architecture and the beaches. Salvador’s historical and cultural aspects were inherited by the intermarriage of such ethnic groups as Native-Indian, African and European. Especially the African influence in many cultural aspects of the city makes it the centre of Afro-Brazilian culture. Till this day the population remains in its large black population.